Basic Blocking & Punching Techniques


Basic Targets – Jodan, Chudan & Gedan (Upper, Middle & Lower)

As a beginner student, the basic targets for punching attacks are:

  • Jodan (Upper) – Aimed right between the eyes
  • Chudan (Middle) – Aimed to the solar plexus, just below the sternum
  • Gedan (Lower) – Aimed to the groin

Targets for basic punching attacks
Jodan, Chudan & Gedan

For kicking attacks, the targets do vary slightly depending upon the kick.  But as a general guide, chudan for kicks tends to be a bit lower than the target for punching.  Based on the picture above, chudan for most types of kicks would fall almost in the middle of the chudan and gedan targets for punching, about the height of your hips.  The gedan target for kicks also varies depending upon the kick, covering a range between the groin and the knee.


Jodan Uke (Upper Block)

Step by step explanation and important points:

  1. This example shows the start from an existing block.
  2. Bring your blocking hand across your body with your palm facing up.
  3. Raise your blocking hand on the outside of your pull back hand.
  4. Finish your jodan uke, twisting your forearm at the end until your palm is facing out, finishing with your fist higher than your elbow and your wrist in front of your forehead.
    Side view [pictured right] – finish with a gap of about one fist between your wrist and your forehead.
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Jodan Uke (1)
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Jodan Uke (2)
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Jodan Uke (3)
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Jodan Uke (4)
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Jodan Uke (4, side)
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Soto Uke (Outside Block)

Step by step explanation and important points:

  1. This example shows the start from an existing block.
  2. Bring your blocking hand across your body until the back of your hand reaches the elbow of the existing block.
  3. Keep your elbow where it is, slide your new block up the outside of the existing block and twist your forearm until your palm faces you at the end point.
    Side view – finish with a gap of about one fist between your elbow and your body and an angle of about 100° at your elbow (wrist at chudan height).
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Soto Uke (1)
Outside Block

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Soto Uke (2)
Outside Block

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Soto Uke (3)
Outside Block

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Soto Uke (3, side)
Outside Block


Uchi Uke (Inside Block)

Step by step explanation and important points:

  1. This example shows the start from an existing block.
  2. Bring your blocking hand out to the side of your body with your palm facing foreward, be sure not to lift your shoulder or draw the arm back behind the line of your body
  3. Leading with your elbow, twist you forearm until you finish your block with your palm facing towards your face
    Side view – uchi uke finishes in the same end position as soto uke (outside block)

Uchi Uke (1)
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Uchi Uke (2)
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Uchi Uke (3)
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Uchi Uke (3, side)
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Gedan Barai (Lower Sweep/Block)

Step by step explanation and important points:

  1. This example shows the start from an existing block.
  2. Bring your blocking hand up to your opposite shoulder with your palm facing your ear
  3. Slide your new block down the outside of your existing block, sweeping past your groin, twisting your forearm as you finish with your palm facing towards your thigh
    Side view – ensure the finish position is not too close or too far away from your thigh
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Gedan Barai (1)
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Gedan Barai (2)
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Gedan Barai (3)
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Gedan Barai (3, side)
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Basic Punching

oi-zuki

Oi Zuki (Leading hand punch)

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Gyaku Zuki (Reverse punch)

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Shiko Zuki (Shiko dachi, low punch)


Juu Te Waza (10 Hand Techniques)

A simple routine to practice the basics punching and blocking techniques.

  • Jodan uke (upper block) x2
  • Soto uke (outside block) x2
  • Uchi uke (inside block) x2
  • Geadan barai (lower sweep) x2
  • Chudan zuki (middle punch) x2

Performed by:  Hiroshi Tanaka, Renshi, 6th Dan. (June 2016).

Video source: facebook.

Co-Founding instructor at Sunshine Coast Karate, established 2000. Commenced training in Chito-Ryu in 1984. Graded to Shodan (Black Belt) in 1991. Represented Australia at WKF World Championships in 1994 & 1996, also competed in International Chito-Ryu Soke Cup in 1989, 1992, 1995, 1998, 2004, 2010, 2013. Currently Godan (5th Degree Black Belt) & Shihan (Master Instructor).

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